Regulations and Standards for Glass in Building


Glass is an essential component in modern-age buildings and is used for architectural purposes in buildings and structures. Glass is increasingly popular exterior building material. Apart from its aesthetic features, glass is a versatile construction material with distinct properties, types, and application options. 

Being a transparent or translucent element makes glass ideal for architectural use in the buildings. Glass is utilized in various architectural settings for windows, doors in external walls and internal partitions.

Glass applications in building

gives different level of protection in terms of safety and security for a wide range of applications :

  • Windows, roof windows, bay and door windows
  • Conservatories, roof/sloping glazing
  • Overheads, balustrades and guardrails
  • Glazed facades, skylights, spandrels

Types of glass used in buildings

It is possible to change some of the properties of glass for specific purposes by changing the strength and performance qualities. 

  • Annealed Glass
  • Tempered Glass
  • Heat-Strengthened Glass
  • Laminated Glass
  • Insulating Glass
  • Coated Glass

BS EN 410:2011

  • Glass in building. Determination of luminous and solar characteristics of glazing
  • BS EN 410 discusses scope, definitions, symbols, light transmittance and much more in detail to ensure maximum efficiency. BS EN 410 also contains relevant annexes.
  • For further information >>>

BS 6206

  • Full name: Impact performance requirements for at glass and safety plastics for use in buildings
  • Superseded by BS EN 12600

BS 6262

  • According to BS 6262-4, all safety glass must have a marking showing that the glass complies to safety requirements of BS EN 12600.

BS EN 12600

BS EN 356 

  • Full name of standard: BS EN 356 - Glass in building: Security glazing – Testing and classification of resistance against manual attack 
  • This standard specifies the requirements and test methods for security glazing designed to resist actions of force by delaying access of objects and/or persons to a protected space for a short period of time.
  • The standard classifies security glazing products into categories of resistance to actions of force.
  • This specifies the requirements and test methods for glass designed to be resistant to manual attack. 
  • The glass is subjected to impact from a steel ball with a mass of 4.11 kg for classes P1A to P5A and an axe for classes P6B to P8B.
  • Burglary Resistant Glass
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EN 673

  • Glass in building - Determination of thermal transmittance (U value) - Calculation method

BS EN 1063

  • Security glazing – Testing and classification of resistance against bullet attack
  • Bullet Resistant Glass: 30mm upwards. Intended as bullet resistant glass. This is a specialist area for which suitable professional advice should be sought. A risk level should be selected according to those described in BS EN 1063 which specifies the test requirements for bullet resistant glass

BS EN 12150 

  • toughened glass

BS EN 14449 

  • laminated glass

BS EN 14179 

  • heat soaked thermally toughened glass

BS EN 1863 

  • BS EN 1863-1: to identify heat strengthened, soda lime silicate glass for use in buildings